by Heidi Core

Lighting is a crucial aspect of interior design. It significantly impacts the overall ambiance, atmosphere, and mood of a space. Beyond just providing illumination, lighting is an essential element that enhances the functionality and aesthetics of any room.

Well-placed lighting can be used strategically to manipulate the perception of space. By employing different lighting techniques such as uplighting, downlighting, or wall washing, designers can create illusions of height, width, or depth, ultimately transforming the perceived size and shape of a room.

To create the coziest, most welcoming, or most dynamic of spaces with the lighting arrangement you envision, you can rely on experienced full-service interior designer Heidi H. Core. Residents of Birmingham can receive personalized interior design advice from Heidi Core Interior Design, LLC by calling (205) 259-8780 or by completing a simple online inquiry form to set up a consultation.


Proper lighting ensures visual comfort for a room’s occupants. The intensity and quality of light can greatly affect our perception and well-being within a space. For instance, insufficient or harsh lighting can strain our eyes, leading to discomfort and fatigue. There’s a reason why the movie theater doesn’t have bright lighting as you’re about to watch a movie, just as there is a reason for the opposite being true in an operating theater. Well-planned lighting that provides adequate brightness and color rendering promotes visual ease, making it pleasurable to spend time in a room.


Uplighting is a technique where light fixtures are positioned at a low level on the floor or ground, pointing upwards towards the ceiling or walls. This creates an upward illumination that draws attention to architectural features, artwork, or decorative elements. Uplighting can add depth and drama to a room, making it appear larger and more captivating. It is commonly used to highlight tall columns, textured walls, or unique architectural details, adding a touch of elegance and sophistication to any space.


Downlighting involves the installation of light fixtures in the ceiling or overhead structures, directing the light downwards. This technique creates a soft, diffused lighting effect that evenly illuminates the entire room. Downlighting provides general ambient lighting, creating a warm and inviting atmosphere. It is often used in residential settings like living rooms, dining areas, and bedrooms to provide functional illumination while maintaining a cozy ambiance.


Wall washing is a technique where light fixtures are placed at a distance from the wall and aimed towards it, producing a smooth and uniform wash of light across the surface. This technique eliminates harsh shadows and highlights the textures and colors of the walls, creating a visually pleasing backdrop. Wall washing is commonly used in galleries, museums, or commercial spaces to showcase artwork or merchandise. 


Serving as the foundation upon which all other lighting fixtures are built, ambient lighting sets the tone for the entire space. One of its key benefits is its ability to mimic natural light, allowing spaces to feel open, bright, and airy. It provides a soft illumination that minimizes harsh shadows and creates a sense of comfort and relaxation. By strategically placing light sources throughout the room, such as recessed lights, wall sconces, or floor lamps, a designer can achieve a balanced distribution of light, ensuring that every corner is bathed in a soothing glow.


While natural light is always desirable, it is not always readily available or sufficient to meet our needs. This is where artificial ambient lighting comes into play. By incorporating various types of light fixtures, such as chandeliers, pendant lights, or track lighting, a designer can supplement or replace natural light sources to achieve the desired illumination levels. In one research study, scientists showed that they could improve the mood of elderly care home residents by changing lighting ambiance. “Cozy” ambiance (warm, inviting) calmed anxious residents, while sad residents showed marked mood improvement in an “activating” (cool, focused) ambiance. (1)


Task lighting, also known as directional lighting, is a crucial aspect of interior design that focuses on providing concentrated light in specific areas where activities requiring enhanced visibility are performed. It plays a vital role in creating a functional and efficient workspace in places such as offices and healthcare environments by reducing eye strain and improving productivity


  • Track Lights: Comprising multiple adjustable light fixtures mounted on a track, track lights are an excellent choice for highlighting artwork or accentuating specific areas, allowing for versatility and flexibility in lighting design.
  • Desk Lamps: These portable lighting fixtures are commonly found in offices and study areas, offering direct light onto the work surface for tasks such as reading or writing.
  • Floor Lamps: Perfect for reading corners or living rooms, floor lamps provide focused illumination while serving as decorative elements that enhance the overall aesthetic.
  • Under-Cabinet Lights: Installed underneath kitchen cabinets, these lights illuminate countertops, making food preparation tasks easier and more enjoyable.
  • Pendant Lights: Suspended from the ceiling, pendant lights provide targeted lighting for dining tables or kitchen islands, adding a touch of elegance to the space.
  • Magnifying Lamps: Featuring built-in magnification lenses, these lamps are commonly used in medical and beauty settings for precise tasks like surgery or intricate makeup application.
  • Clamp-On Lights: Designed to be attached to surfaces such as desks or workbenches, clamp-on lights offer convenience and versatility for various task-oriented activities, ensuring optimal lighting wherever it is needed.
  • Wall Sconces: Mounted on walls, wall sconces provide localized lighting for corridors, hallways, or bedside reading, adding both functionality and decorative flair to the space.
  • Picture Lights: Used to highlight artwork or photographs, picture lights are typically mounted above the frame, creating a visually appealing focal point and enhancing the beauty of the displayed pieces.
  • Architectural Lighting: Customized lighting solutions integrated into architectural elements, such as recessed or strip lights, offer tailored task lighting that seamlessly blends with the design of the space, ensuring both functionality and aesthetic harmony.

From your vision to your reality, Heidi Core can create the atmosphere you want for your space. To book an interior design consultation, call (205) 259-8780 or fill out an inquiry form for more information.


Accent lighting is a sophisticated lighting technique that serves to highlight specific objects or areas within a space, adding depth and visual interest. It is designed to draw attention and create focal points, while also providing a contrast to the overall ambient lighting.

The placement of accent lighting fixtures is carefully strategized to illuminate particular features, such as artwork, architectural details, or decorative elements. Commonly used fixtures for accent lighting include spotlights, track lights, or wall-mounted fixtures. By directing light towards these objects or areas, accent lighting creates a captivating effect by casting shadows and enhancing contrasts between light and dark areas.

There are numerous examples of how accent lighting can be effectively utilized. For instance, in a gallery setting, spotlighting a painting can bring out its vibrant colors and intricate details, capturing the viewer’s attention. Museums often use accent lighting to highlight sculptures, accentuating their three-dimensional qualities and creating a sense of drama. In a library, accent lighting can be employed to showcase a bookshelf, elevating the overall aesthetic appeal of the space.


Lighting plays a crucial role in interior design, with numerous benefits, including the following.

  • Enhanced Mood and Productivity: The right lighting can have a significant impact on our mood, leading to increased productivity and overall well-being. (2) Well-lit spaces create a positive ambiance, promoting a sense of alertness, focus, and positivity.
  • Visual Comfort: Adequate lighting ensures a comfortable visual experience, reducing eye strain and fatigue. By providing sufficient illumination, it allows individuals to perform tasks with ease and clarity, whether it’s reading, working, or simply navigating through a space.
  • Highlighting Design Features: The right lighting can accentuate the unique design elements and architectural features of a space, enhancing its aesthetic appeal. Whether it’s showcasing artwork, highlighting textured walls, or illuminating a grand staircase, proper lighting adds depth and dimension to the overall design.
  • Versatility: Different lighting options allow for flexible ambiance and create various moods to suit different occasions and activities. Whether you want to create a warm and cozy atmosphere for relaxation or a bright and vibrant environment for social gatherings, the right lighting can transform a space accordingly.
  • Health Benefits: Exposure to natural light or lighting that mimics it can have positive effects on our circadian rhythm, sleep patterns, and overall health. (3) Natural light regulates our internal body clock, promotes vitamin D synthesis, and boosts mood and energy levels.


Heidi Core takes pride in her ability to get to know her clients and provides a tailored service for each individual. The cost of your interior lighting project will therefore depend on a number of individual factors including the scope of the project and the fixtures and fittings required. To receive expert advice and a quote for your desired lighting accents, call (205) 259-8780 or complete a form on our website for more information.

For information about interior design in Birmingham, read more on our blog.


  1. Kuijsters A, Redi J, de Ruyter B, Heynderickx I. Lighting to Make You Feel Better: Improving the Mood of Elderly People with Affective Ambiences. Pavlova MA, ed. PLOS ONE. 2015;10(7):e0132732. doi: 
  2. Katabaro JM, Yan Y. Effects of Lighting Quality on Working Efficiency of Workers in Office Building in Tanzania. Journal of Environmental and Public Health. 2019;2019:1-12. doi: